Charles Dickens, born 1812, left school to work in a factory when his father was incarcerated in a debtors' prison. Despite his lack of formal education, he wrote 15 novels, hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles, edited a weekly journal for 20 years and is regarded as a literary genius and the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. Dickens also campaigned vigorously for children's rights, education, and other social reforms. During his lifetime Dickens was an international literary celebrity, famous for his humour, satire, and keen observation of character and society, expressed in classic novels e.g. The Pickwick Papers, Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities. The term Dickensian is used to describe something that is reminiscent of his writings, like poor social conditions or comically repulsive characters. On 8 June 1870, Dickens suffered another stroke, lost consciousness, and died the next day, aged 58.